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There is no such thing as a typical piano student. No perfect piano students. There isn’t even a “right kind” of piano student.
There are only students.
Each one different, special, just the right kind.
Each and every student will behave in inconsistent ways.
On some days, your student Sasha will be delightful. Some days she will be a challenge. Sometimes she will amuse you with her humor. Others days she may not smile.
ABC: All Behavior is Communication.
One way to ignore the communication is to focus on yourself and your feelings about Sasha’s behavior. For instance, “I think the fact that Sasha is facing away from me and playing with the pencil while I’m trying to talk to her is SO annoying.”
While it may be true that Sasha's behavior annoys you, as a teacher the only useful question to ask yourself is, “Why is Sasha facing away from me and playing with the pencil?”
There is no judgment in this question. It’s simple and clear. Sasha is doing something that makes sense to her body at this place and time. Why?
ABC + D
This is when it gets interesting. The ABC’s of All Behavior is Communication also have a D.
It stands for Detective. This is the role you have the privilege of playing.
You must be the Detective who solves the mystery of why Sasha is facing away from you and playing with the pencil.
Yes, you can cop out and tell yourself a lie like “Sasha is doing this because she’s just one of those kids. She’s a poorly behaved, coddled child. Kids these days.”
You can call your friends and commiserate about the lousy children of today.
This will guarantee you a life of misery as you find more and more of these poorly behaved, rotten children filling up your afternoons.
Or, you can do the far more interesting detective work of finding out what her behavior means.
Is she frustrated? Confused? Anxious? Overwhelmed? Hungry? Does she even understand the question you just asked her? Is she trying to distract you so that you won’t notice she doesn’t understand something?
Is she having trouble understanding the words you’re using? Does she do better when you do physical learning using things like magnets, white boards and puzzle erasers?
The possibilities are many and your job isn’t easy. If you aren’t interested in being this Detective, you might want to explore a career in lawn mower repair. (You'll still have to figure out what the lawn mower is trying to tell you when it won't start, but the lawn mower won't need therapy if you don't get it right.)
Me? I love being the Detective. I savor the thrill of unlocking a series of behaviors that don’t make sense to me. There’s a reason Sasha is doing what she’s doing. It's like she's speaking in code and I need to find the key.
It would be an amazing world if a child could say, "I am feeling somewhat anxious when I hear you ask me a question too quickly using an overabundance of jargon. Because of this, I find it difficult to concentrate on your actual question and also, I don't like your perfume."
Unfortunately, kids don't come into the world with those skills. We, as the responsible adults, have to help them unlock their own personal code so they can become the best learners they can be.
The next time your student Tom climbs off the bench and hides under it what will your response be? Will you dismiss him as a badly behaved child? Or will you become a Detective?
If you'd like to find out more about learning differences, I highly recommend the book The Mislabeled Child. It's a brilliant guide to the basics of learning differences and would be helpful to any parent or teacher.
A child with learning differences, like ADD or dyslexia, may try to use up time to distract you. This is effective, even when you get angry and frustrated because you, too, will use up lesson time.
Pull back and think analytically. Resist the urge to ask, "Why is Amy wasting my time?"
Instead, ask "Why is Amy using her time this way? What is she getting, or getting out of, by talking right now?"
When a student suddenly starts talking during a lesson figure out WHY before you listen to the content. There are many possibilities. Sometimes they're just chatting. This can range from lovely to irritating depending on your patience level and frankly, how much you are interested in what they're saying. But when there's less "teaching" going on, sometimes the student is teaching you something more important than what you're attempting to teach them. Listen for what's below the surface.